Drones are the only males in a hive. Drones are larger than worker bees, but smaller than queens. Drones represent between 10 and 15% of the hive's population. The queen bee is the only bee in the hive that can lay fertilized eggs of a worker bee.
Therefore, when the queen is absent, the eggs will be the first thing to be lost. For this reason, beekeepers should always check for eggs during inspections to confirm the presence of a queen. A colony that has been without queens for a longer time will also lack larvae or capped pups. If you capture a colony without a queen ahead of time, you can turn it into a queen just before the population suffers too much damage. Remember that every day that a colony doesn't have a queen to lay eggs, worker bees die of old age and are not replaced.
Worker bees are all female, but they don't have the same abilities as the queen. They are born sterile and their purpose is to work throughout their lives. Worker bees are essentially the lifeblood of the hive. Without worker bees, there would be no one to care for the ever important queen, produce honey or pollinate plants and flowers.
Worker bees also have the privilege of expelling unusable drones from the hive. Bees are fanatical about cleaning and, since it is the workers' job to clean the hive, they remove themselves from the hive before they die so that the other bees can continue with their work. When you're not rescuing bees, teaching about bees, photographing bees or managing one of your 60 colonies, you sleep and he dreams of bees. In addition, in times of scarcity or during winter (when the queen does not mate), worker bees force drones out of the hive, leaving them to die of hunger.
Worker bees seek less nectar and pollen and, when they do, they bring less quantity to the hive. Their life expectancy is slightly longer than that of the worker bee (in summer, worker bees can survive the winter), about 2 months. They are then fed more royal jelly (which contains more honey and pollen than the larval jelly eaten by workers and drones), allowing them to outgrow other female bees. Other bees are needed to do everything else related to keeping the hive, producing honey and caring for the queen.
In a hive without a queen, the worker bees that used to take care of the young will be out of work. She is the author of the blog Beekeeping Like A Girl and maintains popular Instagram, Facebook and Twitter accounts. It can be difficult to diagnose, as the effects of a lack of queens on a bee colony are at first quite subtle. Without the queen to lay eggs, there would be no young worker bees to replace those that die of old age.
Other bees from the hive will expel rejected suitors during the winter, as they consider them useless by hive standards. Worker bees live for about 5 weeks and then die; literally, they work to death to help the hive survive. Just seeing a queen cell or cup doesn't necessarily mean that your colony doesn't have a queen, since bees produce queen cells for many different reasons, but when you see a queen cell combined with a lack of offspring, it's a clear indication that your hive It might not have a queen. When a new bee emerges from a cell, a cocoon-like envelope remains, along with other bodily debris.
Older worker bees that return to the hive leave these packets of nectar for worker bees that stay at home.